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Buffy St Marie
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Buffy Sainte Marie, Native American singer and activist.
Wasichus (white men) found much of the yellow metal that they worship and that makes them crazy. They wanted a road, it would let other Wasichus come in like a river. Once we were happy in our own country and we were seldom hungry, for then the 2-leggeds and the 4-leggeds lived together like relatives and there was plenty for them and for us. But the Wasichus came and they have made little islands for us and other little islands for the 4-leggeds and always these islands are becoming smaller, for around them surges the gnawing flood of the Wasichu and it is dirty with lies and greed. Black Elk
Pachgantschilhilas."I admit that there are good white men, but they bear no proportion to the bad; the bad must be the strongest, for they rule. They do what they please. They enslave those who are not of their color, although created by the same Great Spirit who created us. They would make slaves of us if they could, but as they cannot do it, they kill us! There is no faith to be placed in theirs words. They are not like the Indians who are only enemies while at war and are friends in peace. They will say to an Indian. "my friend! my brother!" They will take him by the hand, and at the same moment destroy him. And so you, addressing himself to the Christian Indians, will also be treated by them before long. Remember! that this day I have warned you to beware of such friends as these. I know the long knives; they are not to be trusted."Pachgantschilhilas, was born the first half of the eighteenth century and became the head warrior of all the Delaware's residing then on the Miami and White rivers, in the Northeastern United States. In the course of this address to the Moravian Indians in Ohio these were Indians who had been converted by Moravian Missionaries and were then separated from their tribes -he tried to persuade them to remove themselves from their village in which they were vulnerable to attacks from the white frontiersman and move to a safer place. The source of this address, John Heckewelder, in Account of the History, Manners, and Customs of the Indian Nation, comments: " Eleven months after this speech was delivered by this prophetic chief, 96 of the same Christian Indians,  60 of them women and children, where murdered at the place where these very words had been spoken, by the same men he had alluded to and in the same manner that he had described."

In 1969, Indians seized Alcatraz Island; Indians refused government orders to leave and were evicted in 1971.  PROCLAMATION: TO THE GREAT WHITE FATHER AND ALL HIS PEOPLE

We, the Native Americans, re-claim the land known as Alcatraz Island in the name of all American Indians by right of discovery. We wish to be fair and honorable in our dealings with the Caucasian inhabitants of this land and hereby offer the following treaty; We will purchase said Alcatraz Island for twenty-four dollars ($24) in glass beads and red cloth, a precedent set by the white man's purchase of a similar island about 300 yeas ago. We know that $24 in trade goods for these 16 acres is more than was paid when Manhattan Island was sold, but we know that land values have risen over the years. Our offer of $1.24 per acre is greater than the 47 cents per acre that the white men are now paying the California Indians for their land. We will give the inhabitants of this island a portion of that land for their own, to be held in trust by the American Indian Affairs and by the bureau of Caucasian Affairs to hold in perpetuity- ‘for as long as the sun shall rise and the rivers go down to the sea.’ We will further guide the inhabitants in the proper way of living. We will offer them our religion, our education, our life ways, in order to help them achieve our level of civilization and thus raise them and all their white brothers up from their savage and unhappy state. We offer this treaty in good faith and wish to be fair and honorable in our dealings with all white men…We feel that this so-called Alcatraz Island is more than suitable for an Indian Reservation, as determined by the white man's own standards. By this we mean that this place resembles most Indian reservations in that; 1. It is isolated from modern facilities and without adequate means of transportation. 2. It has no fresh running water. 3. It has inadequate sanitation facilities. 4. There are no oil or mineral rights. 5. There is no industry, so unemployment is very great. 6. There are no health care facilities. 7. The soil is rocky and non-productive; and the land does not support game. 8. There are no educational facilities. 9. The population has exceeded the land base. 10. The population has always been held as prisoners and kept dependent upon others. Further, it would be fitting and symbolic that ships from all over the world, entering the Golden Gate, would first see Indian Land, and thus be reminded of the true history of this nation. This tiny island would be a symbol of the great lands once ruled by free and Noble Indians.